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Minor burns are part of domestic accidents and occur by contact, when children are attracted to the light and color of a heat source.
Vega Orozco, expert in First Aid, Red Cross, teaches us parents how we should attend to healing a child from a burn at home, step by step. In this way, we can provide our child with initial first aid with the assurance that we are doing the best possible.
Is the first step in healing a burn to cool it with a jet of water?
Generally, yes, but where we cannot squirt water is on burns with gasoline because it is not water soluble and then we spread it further. If you burn yourself with bleach, which does not emit fire, washing the burn removes the bleach and, therefore, the abrasive agent. With the gasoline burning, it happens that, if I add water, the gasoline will not only float but it will spread, and we will cause the burn to get bigger. It is the only case where jet water should not be used.
The most common liquid burns are usually from leaking oil; or by solids, the hand that the child puts on the ceramic hob or the gas stove. Catalytic stoves are also very attractive to children and are a source of burns, because they like light and are very attracted to the color of fire. They also like the cherry color of charcoal and have a tendency to touch the embers. For all these burns, the first thing to do is cool them under the stream of cold water, without using ice water or ice because intense cold also burns.
What is a first degree burn
How to cure a first degree burn to a child, step by step?
The most common burns in children occur on the extremities, especially the arms. Scalds on the arms and on the face, because it is the height at which the kitchen is left for children, are dangerous, so we must be careful in the kitchen and close it to avoid accidents.
Of the three types of burns, the first degree is the simplest and is characterized by the typical erythema, which has a reddish and shiny surface. First, we must cool the burn with jet water, never putting ice directly on a burn because what we are going to do is burn that area even more, because the ice directly burns.
We let it be under the stream of water for a while and, in case we do not have running water, we fill a basin with fresh water, place the burned area inside and change the water every so often to lower the temperature.
Once the temperature is lowered, first degree burns, erythema, reddish areas, especially sunburns or if you have put your hand on the glass ceramic and we have managed to remove your hand in time, must be hydrated. Moisturizing with an after-sun or a hypoallergenic moisturizer is enough. If it is well cared for, in a week it will heal.
What is needed to heal a second degree burn
What kind of cure does a second degree burn need in children?
In the second phase, when we have not managed to remove the hand in time and our child already has blisters, generally on the hand, which is what they put the most easily, the most immediate thing is to cool the area. With the fingers that present the typical blisters or blisters, we will take special care to exploit them under no circumstances, because we would open a door to infection by turning the blister into a wound.
To heal second degree burns, we repeat the same process: we are going to cool the area with jet water, making sure that it does not fall directly on the blisters so as not to explode them. Afterwards, we will treat the burn or blisters as a wound. A cleaning, disinfection and covering.
In the event that the burn has occurred in a child under 5 years of age, it is interesting or quite important that some doctor looked at her. We are talking about second degree burns, superficial. If, in addition to the blisters, we see a waxy brown surface, it could be a second degree burn, but a deeper one, which requires health care to perform a deeper cleaning.
Third degree burns
What to do to treat a more serious or third degree burn?
If, in addition to the waxy surface, we see a larger surface that is brown, even black, we are facing a third degree burn. You must immediately call the emergency department and transfer the child to a hospital. One thing we have to consider is where our son has been burned.
It is not the same to heal a burn on the hand as on the face. A wound to the face carries more risk. It can compromise the airways and, therefore, our child's breathing. The moment we see a burn on the face, the child must be transferred to a medical center, especially if they are second degree. In addition, if these burns have occurred in a fire, the child must be transferred because there could be risk of internal burns.
You can read more articles similar to Healing Burn Injuries to Children, Step by Step, in the category of First Aid on site.