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Wheezing and wheezing in children with asthmathey are whistles that form in the bronchi when air passes. It is usually caused by a viral infection or cold, although family history of asthma or the fact of that the mother smoked during pregnancy.
Wheezing is usually the reason for frequent visits to pediatric consultations during childhood and a common reason for visiting the emergencies, especially, in times of allergies due to asthmatic attacks or in winter when there are more cases of colds and bronchiolitis.
The doctorOlga Cortés, pediatrician of the Airways Group of the AEPap, helps us better understand wheezing when related to childhood asthma. Wheezing can be of various types depending on the age at which it appears:
- Wheezing in the first year of life
Also known as transient early wheezing. They correspond to 40-60 percent of infant wheezing and it is the most frequent group. These children they are not allergic and in its natural evolution asthma will tend to disappear around 3 years of life. It has a very good evolution. The prototype of these children corresponds to a young mother, smoker, who goes to nursery school, who has older siblings, and what is going to stimulate wheezing are upper respiratory symptoms, that is, viruses.
- Wheezing between 12 months and 11 years
They are known as persistent non-atopic wheezing. They are children who begin with wheezing between 12 and 18 months and usually disappear around 6-11 years. They will also have a good evolution, that is, the child will not have asthma when they are older, and they respond to 20 percent of the wheezing of young infants. The prototype are thepremature infantsor those who wheeze after a bronchiolits.
- Wheezing after age 13
They are the atopic wheezers: atopic asthma. That is the most important because it is the one that will persist after the adolescence, after 13 years. Children at risk of belonging to the third group are those with a family history of atopy, asthma in the parents, atopy in the child, atopic dermatitis ...
There are 5 basic measures to avoid triggering an asthma episode and with it wheezing and wheezing:
1- Have a personalized written treatment for asthma.
2- Take the medicines prescribed by the pediatrician.
3- Know the factors that trigger asthma in children to avoid them.
4- Recognize asthma symptoms.
5- Know what to do in an asthma attack.
These measures will allow the child and the family to have the controlled asthma, no symptoms like coughing when they wake up and when they run, no sleepless nights from coughing and no need for rescue medication. With this control, the child can lead a normal life like any child, do sports or exercise without any limitations.
You can read more articles similar to Wheezing and wheezing in children with asthma, in the category of Childhood Illnesses on site.