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The microbiota It is the set of microorganisms that are present in the different ecosystems of the body, it is like a fingerprint! It is found on the skin, in the mouth, in the lungs, in the intestine, in the vagina ... (it is thought that one third is common to all people and the remaining two thirds are specific to each individual). It helps to fight aggressions, to digest food, to produce vitamins B and K and to keep the mucosal barrier healthy, but also, the microbiota in pregnancy plays a very important role.
The importance of microbiota resides in that it will shape the newborn's immune system. Before it was thought that colonization did not begin until delivery, when the baby passed through the vaginal canal.
The latest studies indicate that Mom and fetus exchange bacteria during pregnancy. Lifeless fragments of the maternal microbiota are transferred to the baby through the placenta, to educate its immune system, training it to be better prepared to fight the microorganisms present in the intestine.
With childbirth and lactation, colonization with live bacteria will begin. Mothers will pass antibodies to newborns through milk.
The mammary and placental microbiota will be formed from those existing in the intestine. That is why it is important to take care of it with a good diet.
- Removing from our diet all kinds of processed products.
- Limiting flours, sugars, sweeteners and trans fats, which promote inflammation.
- Increasing the consumption of vegetables and fermented foods such as sauerkraut or miso, and resistant starch such as potatoes and cooked and then cooled rice.
In this way we will achieve a better quality microbiota, which will be the “inheritance that we will leave to our children”.
It must be said that the microbiota of each woman is different and that it changes over the years. And, something that is also noteworthy, the latest studies also speak of the importance of the paternal microbiota.
Factors such as poor health, a wrong diet, stress, taking certain medications such as antibiotics, antacids, or the type of delivery we have had (vaginal or cesarean section) will alter the content and quality of these bacteria.
It has been studied that the presence of bacteria is different in babies born by cesarean section compared to those delivered vaginally, just as it is different if they take breast or formula.
The vaginal delivery and breastfeeding They seem to protect against some infections and diseases such as diabetes, asthma, dermatitis or obesity. That is why it is important that, after delivery, the mother-child skin is made with skin and that the baby's first bath is delayed in order to favor the passage of bacteria from the mother to the baby.
If you are going to have a cesarean section, you know it in advance, and you want to help your child's immune system to acquire the bacteria that it would have obtained from a vaginal delivery, you can moisten a sterile gauze with serum, and keep it for a while in your vagina . When the baby is born, you wipe the gauze over his face, mouth, arms, body, genitals and legs.
Follow all of our tips to help your baby develop a better immune system.
You can read more articles similar to The importance of the microbiota in pregnancy and lactation, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.